The purpose of the Rollins College terrorist response procedure is to formalize a plan that provides structure and guidance for the reaction to a terrorism-related situation on campus or in Central Florida. However, we recognize that preparing and providing information for every type of terrorist activity is virtually impossible. Therefore, we recommend that members of the college community stay informed of current world events, develop a plan with their families and have a method to receive on-going communication after an attack. Ultimately, it is every individual’s responsibility to understand the gravity of global events and how they will impact not only the Central Florida area, but them personally.
- Terrorism –
The broad description of activity used to strike fear in a population and to cause mass casualties in an attempt to influence or coerce behavior; typically political in nature. Although the likelihood of an unspecified terrorist attack being targeted at Rollins College is relatively low, we recognize the existence of “higher value” targets in Central Florida (Orlando International Airport, Kennedy Space Center, theme parks, etc). Variations of terrorist attacks are numerous, but the most likely are: biological/ chemical, radiological and low-grade nuclear. Typically, there is a tremendous loss of life, considerable property damage and long-term economic impact to an area that experiences a terrorist attack.
Procedures and Responsibilities
- Biological or Chemical Attack
The definition of a biological or chemical attack can be defined as the introduction of a gas/ chemical agent into the atmosphere with the intent of causing widespread panic, injuries or casualties.
Should a chemical or biological agent be introduced into the atmosphere, members of the campus community are advised to remain in whatever building they happen to be in or to seek shelter immediately in a nearby building. Ideally, an interior portion of the building with no windows in preferable. HVAC systems should be turned off as soon as possible to prevent further dispersion of the agent.
Emergency communications messages will be sent in a variety of ways notifying members of the campus community of the situation and to remain sheltered. Dependent on prevailing winds and other weather conditions, the cloud or agent may be diminished.
Should an agent be released some distance from the campus, emergency communications messages will be sent to members of the campus community advising them of the situation and where to obtain additional information.
Realistically, it is not always feasible or possible to provide protection from this type of attack. Individuals are encouraged to evaluate their own situation and take steps to maximize their own chances of survival. Ultimately, Rollins College personnel will be taking direction from local, county, state and federal emergency management experts in attempt to provide timely and accurate direction/ information.
A radiological device, commonly known as a “dirty bomb” is a device that generally has a relatively small blast impact area. Upon detonation, the radiological materials are dispersed into the air and are moved by the wind. The greatest value of the device to the terrorist is the panic it will create throughout the community. The actual blast area will not be very large, but the distribution of radiological material will be the greatest concern.
Should a blast occur in the vicinity of the Rollins College campus, government emergency management will probably encourage all members of the campus community to depart the area and go in the direction opposite of the prevailing wind. If sufficient time does not permit for evacuation, you should go to the nearest campus building, close all windows and doors and turn off the HVAC system.
The key with this type of attack is to limit the amount of radiation you are exposed to – this is accomplished by shielding – placing as many barriers between you and the radiation material, distance – expanding the distance you are from the blast area and time – minimizing time spent exposed reduces your risk. Again, Rollins College personnel will be taking direction from local, county, state and federal emergency management experts in attempt to provide timely and accurate direction/ information.
In the event of a nuclear explosion, the most likely targets in our area would be either Kennedy Space Center or one of the local theme parks. Should that be the case, the campus community will have a minimal amount of time to take action.
If there is any advanced warning of the attack, you should take immediate cover. The primary location on our campus that is used as an emergency shelter would be the Olin Library. You should attempt to remain in an interior portion of the building on the first floor to limit the effects of the immediate blast and pressure wave. After the initial blast, remain inside and attempt to communicate with emergency response personnel. As previously stated, shielding, distance and time issues are imperative.
Rollins College personnel will be working closely with emergency management experts to provide clear, accurate information about the scope of the terrorist act and what actions should be taken.
We recognize that if a terrorist attack should take place in our community, communication will be severely affected. There is a high probability that phone lines will not be operable, cellular towers will be overloaded and confusion and rumors will be prevalent. Additionally, roadways will be clogged with motorists attempting to leave the area and air travel will probably cease for a period of time into and out of the area.